One thing you might not consider when purchasing new hardwood flooring is hardness. Many may think the harder the wood of the floor or harder the finish, the better the floor is. Is that true? Does hardness even really matter? Contact us to learn more.
The main element that makes up hardness is the overall hardness of the wood species. Wood is, of course, a natural product so no element of manufacturing is able to influence the density of the wood. Each type of wood is unique to itself.
A wood species and its hardness level are measured using the Janka scale. The Janka Scale is used to measure different types of wood against another and includes both hardwood and softwood. It was invented by Gabriel Janka, an Austrian wood researcher in 1906. It became accepted as a tool by the American Society for Testing and Materials in 1972. It is used to measure denting and resistance to wear of a particular wood sample.
The scale runs from the softest (a zero) to the hardest (4,000 lbs). Woods with a low Janka score are going to scratch and dent easily while a higher score shows that more effort is required to handle the wood (i.e. nailing and sawing). One of the hardest woods, for example, is Brazilian Walnut. It has a Janka score of 3500. This type of wood is frequently used for hardwood flooring, decks, and furniture where a high level of durability and shock resistance is required.
The Janka Scale doesn’t provide information that shows one wood is better than another wood. It simply provides homeowners with a rating that can give you an idea of the species strength and hardness which allows you to know if it will hold up to heavy furniture among other things. A 1000 lbs or higher score is standard when it comes to hardwood flooring. This means you’re unlikely to make a “bad” flooring choice when choosing from the hardwood available on the market today.
While hardness is important when it comes to the lifespan of your hardwood flooring, there are also many other things to consider that can help you have a stronger, longer-lasting floor which is not only budget-friendly but has many other benefits. Here are a few other variables that influence the hardness of your wood flooring and resistance to wear-and-tear.
If this sounds like too many factors to remember when considering new flooring, don’t worry! Our flooring consultants will help you decide what kind of hardwood flooring is right for your space. If you're looking to add new hardwood flooring to your home this year, contact us today to discuss your options!